- Danish Sinha
An Interesting Look into the Evolution of Video Games
It's important to look back at the origins of video games while discussing their evolution over the years. A.S. Douglas created the first video game, which millions now play and appreciate.
Specifically, A.S. Douglas presented OXO in 1952. As he was writing his dissertation, he came up with the idea for the game. Tennis for Two appeared in the scene six years after OXO was first invented. William Higinbotham is credited with creating it. Then at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Steve Russel released the video game Spacewar! four years later, in 1962.
Spacewar! was the first computer game ever made to run on the then-state-of-the-art Programmed Data Processor 1. It's also worth noting that it was the first game of its kind to be playable on several computer systems.
The Popularity of Home Video Game Consoles
As early as 1967, Ralph Bear and his colleagues at Sanders Associates released a multi-program game known as The Brown Box. Historically speaking, the Brown Box was the first ever televised video game.
Ralph Bear, who is sometimes called the "Father of Video Games," collaborated with Magnavox. Soon after, Magnavox licensed his The Brown Box game, and the Odyssey, the first home gaming machine, entered the world.
The Odyssey peaked in popularity in the early 1960s but had already died down by 1972. This brings us to Atari and their groundbreaking Pong game. Even the earliest arcade game had its roots in an Odyssey game.
After the first success of Pong's 1972 release, the business re-released the game for home consoles in 1975. Sanders Associates and Magnavox sued Atari for copy infringement not long after.
Atari chose to avoid going to court and is now one of Odyssey's many licensees. Over the following two decades, Magnavox earned more than US$100 million in settlements and court costs from disputes over its video game patents.
It wasn't until 1977 that the Atari 2600 was made available to the public. Two years earlier, video slots first appeared in Las Vegas, the world's gambling capital.
Getting back to the Atari 2600, it was swiftly supplanted by the Atari 5200 because of its superior game cartridges and joysticks.
That said, the video game industry reached a number of important landmarks in the early 1980s.
Released in 1978, Space Invaders has become a cultural phenomenon. Activision started up a year later. This company was the pioneer in the field of independent video game development.
The iconic Pac-Man arcade game first appeared in the United States in the early 1980s, having originated in Japan. Around the same time that Nintendo released Donkey King, one of the most popular video game characters, Mario, was created.
Companies from the golden age of video games, such as Atari, are still competing in today's market for video games, which includes anything from smartphone apps to massively multiplayer online games.
Modern Video Games
Poor video game quality, an oversaturated home console market, and a lack of actual competition all contributed to a big loss for the global video gaming business in the early 1980s.
Since Nintendo (NES) was released in the United States, the video game industry has been on the mend. When compared to its predecessors, the Nintendo Entertainment System boasted vastly superior visuals, audio, and color, as well as an engaging and innovative gameplay experience.
Legend of Zelda, Super Mario Bros., and Metroid were just a few of the groundbreaking games released during the period. All three games—Castlevania by Konami, Dragon Quest by Enix, and Mega Man by Capcom—came out around the same period.
These mini- and macro-milestones laid the groundwork for today's wildly popular video games like Call of Duty, Mortal Kombat, Super Smash Bros., GTA, etc.
It is evident that video games have come a long way since they were first created. What started out as simple games, like Pong and Pac-Man, has evolved into complex games with realistic graphics and gameplay. The gaming industry has grown tremendously over the years and shows no signs of slowing down. With the release of new consoles and games, there is always something new and exciting for gamers to enjoy.
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